Management is the direction of an entire organization, whether it’s a for-profit entity with a government agency, or a privately owned company. Typically management is defined as the process by which people and other entities to get involved in the business of a company. Management also involves supervision of specific activities by managers and/or owners. In a manager’s job description, management would most likely be one of the key roles. Management may be viewed as the most visible role in any organization.
The scope of management is huge in the business world. It involves the overall planning, organizing, leading, and controlling of the affairs of an enterprise. This includes all the functions that deal with the use of the physical resources of the organization. Management also involves decision-making, implementation, control, monitoring, and evaluation of these activities in different parts of the organization. Basically management deals with how to make the best use of the available resources and how to maximize their productivity, efficiency, and profitability.
There are various management styles and concepts that are employed in business management. These include the five main models: human resources; sales management; marketing management; strategic management, and soft-tack management. The primary objective of human resources is to recruit, hire, and train the best people for the job. The strategies involved in this model aim to build organizational strength, develop individual skills of employees and maintain workplace morale and satisfaction. Sales management aims to build sales for the firm through the efficient performance of sales personnel. Marketing management focuses on advertising the firm and its products to bring in new customers.
The traditional management styles, such as those found in the “old-fashioned” business world, have evolved over the years with the changing needs of businesses. Many businesses, especially start-ups, find it difficult to expand because of lack of sufficient funding. Traditional managers continue to hire from a limited pool of qualified candidates, giving the chance for some individuals to rise to the top. Other challenges facing start-ups may be more complex and may require specialized talents or experience that cannot be taught within the traditional business environment.
In order to make decisions as a team, sales managers and marketing managers should plan activities and assign roles according to the situation and the goals of the company. Different people in the organization should be given authority to take different responsibilities depending on their area of responsibility. For example, someone in marketing may be given the authority to decide which advertisements will be run. This decision will then affect the production and allocation of resources.
Once the company has established goals, the next step is to formulate a strategy to achieve these goals. Each manager has his or her own unique style of managing, however, there are some common management styles that apply to most managers. The traditional manager is the one who makes decisions to achieve a goal by working with other managers. Each team member is then responsible for performing his or her role in the entire scheme of things. This results in individuals competing for fewer positions than desired. However, the manager’s overall goals are still achieved because everyone is working towards the same goals.
Other management styles involve trying to get people together to accomplish the same set of objectives using available resources efficiently. In this case, each individual in the organization is responsible for his or her own particular role. Each one is then accountable for the results of his or her own efforts and those of the team as a whole. This results in a set of goals that must be set and accomplished in order for the overall objective to be achieved. Again, each individual is responsible for doing his or her part in order to meet the goals.
These basic management skills can be useful when learning about business management and should be applied throughout an organization to ensure a smooth and successful operation. However, business management is much more than simply making the right decisions. It takes teamwork, accountability, decision-making, and a level of creativity to bring a project to its ultimate fruition. It also requires that management know which factors go to which end. Fortunately, business managers can learn a lot from the successes and failures of others in order to make their own teams effective and efficient.